This blog is meant for the general public, although some posts may be specifically directed towards the medical professionals and students. I am an employee of the Indian Council of Medical Research, and am affiliated to the National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases, Kolkata. None of the content, views, opinions, materials or links published in this weblog reflect, in any way, those of my employers. I create the content of this weblog in a personal capacity, and the opinion and information given here are therefore mine only.


Terms of Agreement

This Terms of Use Agreement (“agreement”) is entered between and by “you” (the reader or any other user of this weblog or blog, also known as Syndemic, or the “Site”), Dr. Pranab Chatterjee  (the “Principal author” of the blog) and the any other authors of the Syndemic blog (referred to as “blog authors”).  Access to the Site, and any use thereof, is sub­ject to the terms and con­di­tions set forth herein.  By access­ing, read­ing or oth­er­wise using the Site, you hereby agree to these terms and conditions.

This agree­ment con­tains dis­claimers and other pro­vi­sions that limit the Author’s lia­bil­ity to you.  Please read these terms and con­di­tions fully and care­fully.  If you do not agree to be bound to each and every term and con­di­tion set forth herein, please exit the Site and do not access, read or oth­er­wise use infor­ma­tion pro­vided herein.

By access­ing the Site and/or read­ing its con­tent, and/or using it to find infor­ma­tion on any other web­site or infor­ma­tional resource, you acknowl­edge and agree that you have read and under­stand these terms and con­di­tions, that the pro­vi­sions, dis­clo­sures and dis­claimers set forth herein are fair and rea­son­able, and that your agree­ment to fol­low and be bound by these terms and con­di­tions is vol­un­tary and is not the result of fraud, duress or undue influ­ence exer­cised upon you by any per­son or entity.



The “Principal Author” or the Syndemic Blog Team or other guest bloggers provide all the information/content/data in the blog (collectively known as the “content”) for informational purposes only. None of the content is meant to be provided as medical advice and nor should the information be so construed or used.

Accessing, read­ing or oth­er­wise using the blog does not cre­ate a physician-patient rela­tion­ship between you and the Principal author or blog authors.  Pro­vid­ing per­sonal or med­ical infor­ma­tion to the Principal author or the blog authors does not cre­ate a physician-patient rela­tion­ship between you and the Principal author or blog authors. Noth­ing con­tained in the blog is intended to estab­lish a physician-patient rela­tion­ship, to replace the ser­vices of a trained physi­cian or health care pro­fes­sional, or oth­er­wise to be a sub­sti­tute for pro­fes­sional med­ical advice, diag­no­sis, or treatment.

You hereby agree that you shall not make any med­ical or health-related deci­sion based in whole or in part on any­thing con­tained in the Site.  You should not rely on any infor­ma­tion con­tained in the Site and related mate­ri­als in mak­ing med­ical, health-related or other deci­sions.  You should con­sult a licensed physi­cian or appropriately-credentialed health care worker in your com­mu­nity in all mat­ters relat­ing to your health.



The Con­tent may be changed with­out notice and is not guar­an­teed to be com­plete, cor­rect, timely, cur­rent or up-to-date.  Sim­i­lar to any printed mate­ri­als, the Con­tent may become out-of-date. The authors under­take no oblig­a­tion to update any Con­tent on the Site.  The Principal author or blog authors may update the Con­tent at any time with­out notice, based on their sole and absolute dis­cre­tion. The Principal author or blog authors reserve the right to make alterations or dele­tions to the Con­tent at any time with­out notice.

Opin­ions expressed in the Site are not nec­es­sar­ily those of the Principal author or blog authors.  Any opin­ions of the Principal author or blog authors have been con­sid­ered in the con­text of cer­tain con­di­tions and sub­ject to assump­tions that can­not nec­es­sar­ily be applied to an indi­vid­ual case or par­tic­u­lar cir­cum­stance.  The Con­tent may not and should not be used or relied upon for any other pur­pose, includ­ing, but not lim­ited to, use in or in con­nec­tion with any legal proceeding.

From time to time, the Site may con­tain health– or medical-related infor­ma­tion that is sex­u­ally explicit. If you find this infor­ma­tion offen­sive, you may not want to use the Site.



No information contained in this blog is to be construed and used as financial/legal or other professional advice and no professional relationship of any kind is created by your use of this blog. You should not make any financial/legal or other professional decisions based on the information available from this blog. Please refer to a relevant licensed professional for such advice.



The opinions expressed here are solely those of the blog authors and not of their employer(s). This is a personal blog, and has no financial influence of any organization. It has no censorship or sponsorship from any of the blog authors’ employers either.

The Principal Author is a registered physician allowed by a nationally recognized competent authority to practice the allopathic system of medicine in India. The information contained in this blog is, to the best of the knowledge of the blog authors, true and correct in all respect. However, there is no guarantee that this is complete, correct, current and up-to-date. The blog authors make the best efforts to verify information from credible sources before publishing them on the blog, but given the constant state of flux knowledge is in, the blog authors provide no guarantees to the end.



Any patient information provided in the blog shall be adequately anonymized or fictionalized to protect the privacy of the patient. All identifiable information shall be altered, patients shall usually be of composite nature, any clinical pictures, if provided in the original, shall be done only after a complete informed consent has been obtained. However, in most cases, the pictures from common academic internet resources will be sourced as a proxy in order to protect the identity of the patient concerned.

If you think a patient encounter sounds like one of your personal experiences, please be rest assured that the blog authors are not talking of you. However, if you believe that there is still room for concern, please contact the Principal Author via email or the contact form on the blog or via comments on the relevant posts. There is always room for healthy discussion on contentious issues.



This Site is open to the pub­lic. You should con­sider com­ments care­fully and do not post any infor­ma­tion or ideas that you would like to keep pri­vate.  By upload­ing or oth­er­wise mak­ing avail­able any infor­ma­tion to the Principal author or blog authors in the form of user gen­er­ated com­ments or oth­er­wise, you grant the Principal author or blog authors the unlim­ited, per­pet­ual right to dis­trib­ute, dis­play, pub­lish, repro­duce, reuse and copy the infor­ma­tion con­tained therein.

You are respon­si­ble for the com­ments you post. You may not imper­son­ate any other per­son through the Site.  You may not post con­tent that is defam­a­tory, fraud­u­lent, obscene, threat­en­ing, inva­sive of another person’s pri­vacy rights or that is oth­er­wise unlaw­ful.  You may not post con­tent that infringes on the intel­lec­tual prop­erty rights of any other per­son or entity.  You may not post any con­tent that includes any com­puter virus or other code designed to dis­rupt, dam­age, or limit the func­tion­ing of any com­puter soft­ware or hardware.

By sub­mit­ting or post­ing con­tent on the Site, you grant the Principal author, team and any com­pany sub­stan­tially under the con­trol of the Principal author, the right to remove any con­tent or com­ment that, in Principal author’s sole judg­ment, does not com­ply with the terms and con­di­tions of this Agree­ment or is oth­er­wise objec­tion­able.  You also grant the Principal author and any com­pany sub­stan­tially under the con­trol of Principal author the right to mod­ify, adapt, and edit any con­tent.

The Principal Author or blog authors have the right to remove any content which, in their judgment, does not meet the criteria for the blog and are not compliant with these terms and conditions.



The Site may, from time to time, con­tain links to other (“third party”) web sites. These links are pro­vided solely as a con­ve­nience and not as a guar­an­tee or rec­om­men­da­tion by the Principal author or blog authors for the ser­vices, infor­ma­tion, opin­ion or any other con­tent on such third party web sites or as an indi­ca­tion of any affil­i­a­tion, spon­sor­ship or endorse­ment of such third party web sites.

If you decide to access a linked web­site, you do so at your own risk.  Your use of other web­sites is sub­ject to the terms of use for such sites.

The Principal author or blog authors are not respon­si­ble for the con­tent of any linked or oth­er­wise con­nected web sites.  The Principal author or blog authors do not make any rep­re­sen­ta­tions or guar­an­tees regard­ing the pri­vacy prac­tices of, or the con­tent or accu­racy of mate­ri­als included in, any linked or third party web­sites.  The inclu­sion of third party adver­tise­ments on the Site does not con­sti­tute an endorse­ment, guar­an­tee, or rec­om­men­da­tion.  The Principal author or blog authors make no rep­re­sen­ta­tions and/or guar­an­tees regard­ing any prod­uct or ser­vice con­tained therein.

The blog authors do not host any advertisements on this blog. However, wordpress.com may host advertisements on this blog and I make no guarantees or representations about any such product or services advertised therein.



The information here is provided on an “AS IS” and “AS AVAILABLE” basis without warranties of any kind, either express or implied, including, without limitation, warranties of title, noninfringement, and implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, the blog authors make no warranty, representation or guaranty as to the content, sequence, accuracy, timeliness or completeness of the Information, that the Information may be relied upon for any reason or that the Information will be uninterrupted or error free or that any defects can or will be corrected.

Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, the blog authors make no representations or warranties with respect to any Information offered or provided within or through the blog regarding treatment of medical conditions, action, or application of medication.

Under no circumstances, as a result of your use of the blog, shall the Principal Author or the blog authors be liable to you or to any other person for any direct, indirect, special, incidental, exemplary, consequential or other damages under any legal theory, including, without limitation, tort, contract, strict liability or otherwise, even if advised of the possibility of such damages.



The Principal Author or the blog authors’ failure to exercise or enforce any right or provision of this Agreement shall not be deemed to be a waiver of such right or provision.



You agree to indem­nify and hold the Principal Author or the blog authors harm­less from any claim or demand, includ­ing attor­neys’ fees, made by any third party as a result of (1) any con­tent posted or made avail­able by you on this Site, (2) any vio­la­tion of law that occurs by you through the Site, and/or (3) any­thing you do using the Site and/or the Con­tent con­tained therein.



The Principal Author or blog author may mod­ify the terms and con­di­tions of this Agree­ment in whole or in party at any time for any rea­son with­out any notice to you, based on her dis­cre­tion.   Such mod­i­fied terms and con­di­tions shall super­sede these terms and con­di­tions and shall become bind­ing when pub­lished online on the Site.



You accept that this Agree­ment rep­re­sents the entire under­stand­ing between you and the Author con­cern­ing use of the Site.


Last Updated: 23rd June, 2018.